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Gale Virtual Reference Library

Online access
Public message
Full description
Online access to numerous encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries, almanacs, and manuals in the following subject areas.
  • Archaeology
  • Arts
  • Biography
  • Business & Economics
  • Criminology & Law
  • Education
  • Environment
  • General Reference
  • History
  • Information and Publishing
  • Literature
  • Medicine
  • Multicultural Studies
  • Nation and World
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Religion
  • Science
  • Technology


Alternate names
Not available 
Group records
Embargo period
Resource type
E-book collection 
Content types
Simultaneous users
Update frequency
Titles indexed
All of the titles are listed in the library catalogue, along with direct links to each title. 
Print equivalents
Check the library's catalogue by title to see if we own a Gale electronic book in print format. 
Open access
See the link to "Help" located from within the web pages for the Gale Virtual Reference Library. 
Business Administration, Criminology 
Allows electronic reserves
Ereserves notes
You may NOT post or upload an electronic copy.Create a link to the item instead. 
Allows coursepacks
Coursepack notes
Material from this resource may NOT be used to assemble a print coursepack. Create a link to the item instead. 
Allows interlibrary loan
Interlibrary loan notes
Online terms
Terms of use: Electronic resources are governed by license agreements which restrict access to Authorized Users. It is the responsibility of each user to abide by the license agreements and specific terms and conditions for each product. Systematically downloading, distributing, or retaining substantial portions of information may result in loss of access to these resources for the entire SFU community. Please see SFU General Policy 24 on Fair Use of Information Resources.

Personal Privacy: Some licensed resources allow you to create a personal account for the purposes of creating folders, saving searches, and downloading entire e-books as well as other personalized services. Please be advised that the personal information you disclose to these and other external websites may be stored on servers located outside of Canada. When you use these services, no personal information about you is collected by or for the University. Canadian privacy laws do not apply to personal information you provide directly to these external websites. SFU Library recommends that you review the privacy policies of these and other external websites before using the services.