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The Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB, New German Biography) contains brief, scholarly articles about deceased persons whose actions and work have had a substantial influence on political, economic, social, scholarly/ scientific, technical or artistic developments.
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The ARTFL Encyclopédie is the online edition of the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, par une Société de Gens de lettres published under the direction of Diderot and d'Alembert.
The Canadian Encyclopedia provides Canadians and others with accurate, updated information about our people and country.
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The Catholic Encyclopedia is an online edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia, originally published in 15 volumes in 1913. It continues to be useful for subjects of medieval literature, history, philosophy, art, Catholic doctrine, and biography.
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The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online documents persons who died between the years 1000 and 1930. Some online bibliographies are also available for persons who died between 1931 and 2000.
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The Dictionary of Literary Biography Online provides more than 16,000 biographical and critical essays on the lives, works, and careers of the world's most influential literary figures from all eras and genres.
The Dictionary of Old English (DOE) Web Corpus is the textual databank for the ongoing Dictionary of Old English. It covers the period 600-1150 A.D. and complements the Middle English Dictionary (for 1100-1500 A.D.) and the Oxford English Dictionary. The DOE Web Corpus contains at least one copy of every surviving text in Old English, encompassing a rich diversity of records written on parchment, carved in stone, and inscribed on jewelry. These texts fall into several categories: prose, poetry, glosses to Latin texts, and inscriptions. Within the prose category there is a wide range of texts: saints' lives, sermons, biblical translations, penitential writings, chronicles, laws, charters and wills, land records, and medical, calendrical, astronomical, astrological, and magical texts.
Dictionnaires d'autrefois is an ARTFL database containing French dictionaries of the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.
The Encyclopaedia Iranica is a multi-disciplinary reference work and research tool designed to record the facts of Iranian history and civilization. It focuses on the land, life, culture and history of all Iranian peoples and their interaction with other societies. It includes biographies of notable men and women in every field of endeavor to descriptions of all Iranian cities and monuments (ancient and modern), from oil installations to major banks, from Zoroastrian scriptures to Jewish shrines and Islamic rituals, from Persian classics to modern novels. Some of the other areas it looks at are Iranian flora and fauna to Persian music and folklore, from philosophy and mysticism to calligraphy and architecture, all aspect of life in Iranian and related cultural areas are studied and described in articles presenting the current state of research in their texts and appended bibliographies.
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Encyclopédie Larousse en ligne is a French encyclopedia and dictionary that provides information and images of historical events.
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The Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences provides information on water and its natural system which is essential for life. There are increasing pressures on the availability and exploitation of fresh water resources through population increase, pollution and degradation of resources, and variations in distribution from regional and global change in the climate. This resource offers scientifically rigorous information on all key aspects of the subject, from sub-catchment to the global scale.
The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada is comprised of articles and illustrations. Entries include biographies of Canadian musicians, and histories of organizations involved with any facet of music in Canada. National topics such as Inuit music, piano building, awards, education, instrument collections and folk music are treated, as are music activities in Canadian cities and Canada's musical relations with other countries. Bibliographies, discographies, lists of compositions, and cross-references to other articles are included, and index entries locate subjects mentioned in the articles.
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Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an encyclopedic reference work that catalogues all of the world's known living languages.
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Forensic Science is a comprehensive reference source on the theory, techniques, and applications of the various forensic sciences.
A general encyclopedia which provides entries covering a variety of subject areas.
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) is a multidisciplinary collection of encyclopedias and dictionaries. It contains material across a range of disciplines from the sciences, social sciences and humanities.
The Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online provides reliable, freely-available English-language information on Anabaptist-related congregations, denominations, conferences, institutions and significant individuals, as well as historical and theological topics. Secular subject articles from an Anabaptist perspective and full-text source documents are also included.
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Le Grand & Collins is a bilingual (French and English) online dictionary. It enables you to quickly find the correct translation, taking into account the context of the sentence, the specific cultural nuances and idiomatic usages.
The Indigenous Peoples Collection is one collection within the Canadian Encyclopedia. Indigenous (Aboriginal) Peoples are the original inhabitants of the land that is now Canada. Inuit and First Nations history extends well before the arrival of Europeans in Canada, while Métis emerged as a distinct culture after intermarriage between European settlers and First Nations people.
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The International Encyclopedia of the First World War is an English-language virtual reference work on the First World War. It contains images, audio and video material.
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The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) provides access to detailed, scholarly information on key topics and philosophers in all areas of philosophy.
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Once completed, the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine (IEU) will be the most comprehensive source of information in English on Ukraine, its history, people, geography, society, economy, and cultural heritage. At present, the IEU team is working on phase 1 of the project: the creation of an Internet database containing the revised and updated contents of the five-volume Encyclopedia of Ukraine (University of Toronto Press, 1984-93) edited by Volodymyr Kubijovyc (vols. 1-2) and Danylo Husar Struk (vols. 3-5). Approximately forty percent of this information is currently displayed on our site. At the same time, a considerable number of new articles (not contained in the published five-volume Encyclopedia of Ukraine) have also been made available.
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JewishEncyclopedia.com is an online encyclopedia that contains the complete and unedited contents of the Jewish Encyclopedia (12-volume) which was originally published in 1906. It does not cover a significant portion of modern Jewish History (e.g., the creation of Israel, the Holocaust, etc.); however, earlier topics are often treated in greater depth here than in later scholarship, and the work is particularly noteworthy for its extensive biographical content.
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Mass Violence & Resistance (MV&R) is an interdisciplinary online journal focusing on 20th and 21st century massacres and genocides as well as on local resistance against mass violence. It provides chronological indexes, case studies, analytical contributions on socio-political violence in a given country, a glossary of the terms most often used in genocide studies, as well as theoretical papers written by the most representative authors in the field.
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MathWorld is a mathematical resource, and is an expanded version of the print publication The CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics. MathWorld has emerged as a nexus of mathematical information in both the mathematics and educational communities and serves as a clearinghouse for new mathematical discoveries that are routinely contributed by researchers.
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MedlinePlus provides health information from the world's largest medical library, the National Library of Medicine. It has extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other trusted sources on diseases and conditions. MedlinePlus provides access to a medical encyclopedia, a medical dictionary, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.
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Memorable Manitobans is a collection of noteworthy Manitobans from the past, compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society. It is a consolidation of biographical material drawn from the Society's journal, Manitoba History, and its predecessors, and from volumes of collective biography such as Pioneers and Prominent Citizens of Manitoba (1925), Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba (1971), and now the Dictionary of Manitoba Biography (1999).
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The New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly. It is a standard work for the study of the ancient world, and is interdisciplinary in nature. The New Paul is devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and covers more than two thousand years of history, from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Many entries include maps and illustrations, and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is widely regarded as the accepted authority on the English language. It is an unsurpassed guide to the meaning, history, and pronunciation of words— past and present—from across the English-speaking world.
Oxford Reference Online (ORO) provides access to Oxford Reference titles which have a wide coverage of topics in the arts and sciences. It includes language and subject dictionaries, thesauri, companions and encyclopedias.
Le Petit Robert is an authoritative French dictionary that contains all content found in the print work of the same name. It contains common names, proper names, analysis of their meaning, literary citations, etymologies and synonyms and opposites.
Sage Knowledge is a collection of reference material including encyclopedias and dictionaries that cover a wide range of subject areas in the Humanities, Social Sciences, Business, Education, and Sciences.
World of Science contains encyclopedias of astronomy, chemistry, physics, and scientific biography. This resource has been assembled over more than a decade by Internet encyclopedist Eric W. Weisstein with assistance from the Internet community.
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Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) is an encyclopedia containing thousands of entries on the lives and works of philosophers.
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